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The Canadian Inuit Eskimo Dog is a really old pure breed that, as said within the name, originates from Canada. These dogs had been an enormous part of the lifetime of the Eskimo and Inuit people, who took benefit of their energy and talents as sled dogs. The Canadian Inuit Eskimo Dogs had been cared for by the women and had been, due to this fact, skilled and mild round youngsters.

Canadian Inuit Dog profile

This trait stays immediately with correct socialization and care. Although this breed nicely behaves around different dogs of their pack, they are often aggressive in direction of dogs that they have no idea about.

As they had been bred for pulling heavy sleds throughout massive areas, this breed may be very lively and can need a lot of exercises. Keep in mind that these dogs are fitted to the chilly local weather of the Arctic, and don’t do very nicely within the warmth.

One of simply 5 breeds indigenous to Canada, the Canadian Inuit Eskimo Dog is understood for its energy, endurance, and talent to resist frigid temperatures. Though it was as soon as on the point of extinction, this iconic Arctic breed survived due to efforts to avoid wasting its populations.


Not to be confused with the petite American Eskimo Dog, the Canadian Inuit Dog has had a number of names—together with Qimmiq, Exquimaux Husky, and Esquimaux Dog. The Inuit people used Canadian Inuit Dogs to hunt polar bears and discover seal blow holes within the ice.

The Thule people of Greenland and Arctic Canada stored Canadian Inuit Eskimo Dogs as pets and dealing dogs for more than 1,000 years. And within the 19th and 20th centuries, Arctic and Antarctic explorers selected these iconic dogs as companions for his or her intelligence, energy, and endurance.

Canadian Inuit Dogs had been as soon as so well-liked that their quantity was estimated at more than 20,000. But by 1970, the breed had virtually disappeared.

These sharp inhabitants prompted the American Kennel Club to drop the breed from its registries. In response, a multi-stakeholder group—which included the Canadian Kennel Club—shaped the Canadian Inuit Dog Research Foundation in Canada’s Northwest Territories to assist restore the breed.

The Canadian Inuit Dog has been acknowledged as one of Canada’s oldest breeds and turned into an icon of Canadian tradition. The breed was featured on a postage stamp and the 50-cent piece. And it was chosen because of the animal image of the Nunavut territory in Canada.

Canadian Inuit Dog Appearance

Like different Arctic dogs, the Canadian Inuit Dog has long, thick fur and a dense undercoat to guard against excessive winter circumstances. The breed additionally has a strong, medium-sized construct.

Overall, the Canadian Inuit Eskimo Dog has a look that is similar to the Malamute or the Husky. Males are massive and highly effective, and the females are constructed a bit finer and have shorter coats. This purebred breed has a naturally thick and dense coat and stiff hairs that help them to courageous the tough chilly.

The Canadian Inuit Dog additionally has a mane of fur across the neck which is more outstanding in males than females. They are highly effective dogs with thick necks and deep chests, with the wedge, shaped heads, and small ears that are pricked and naturally upright.

The eyes are almond formed and both a darkish brown or amber. Their legs are medium in size. These dogs have tails that curl over their backs like a typical Husky. The Canadian Inuit Eskimo Dog will be present in a wide range of colors, together with white, red, gray, sable, silver, black, and liver.

Canadian Inuit Dog Temperament

Despite their cute and cuddly look, Canadian Inuit Dogs are usually not well-suited for home life. As working dogs bred to carry out arduous duties in harsh environments, they’re happiest when given an activity. That stated Canadian Inuit Dogs will be relaxed, affectionate, and pleasant as soon as exercising.

A pack-oriented breed that always over-responds to stimuli like meals and toys, the Canadian Inuit Eskimo Dog is not great for households with youngsters.

And due to their looking dog background, Canadian Inuit Dogs have robust predatory instincts that make them much less suitable with different pets. In multi-dog households, robust leadership and a well-established pack order are important.

Canadian Inuit Dogs tend to protect sources equivalent to meals and toys. So, you have to set agency guidelines early on and socialize your pet to stop undesirable behaviors. Canadian Inuit Dogs can be vocal. They howl as an alternative to barking, making them lower than perfect for condo residing.

This breed’s Arctic roots run deep. Canadian Inuit Dogs love sub-zero temperatures and do not adapt nicely to residing in temperate climates.

Canadian Inuit Dog

Canadian Inuit Dog Breed Maintenance

Canadian Inuit Eskimo Dogs will normally be superb with common brushing, though you might wish to improve the frequency because the climate warms up they usually start shedding.

Brushing is at all times necessary with a view to taking away mats and tangles. These dogs will even need to have their enamel brushed daily, or at the very least two or thrice per week.

This will be certain that their enamel and gums keep in good well being and in addition that their breath stays good and recent. They will even need to have their nails clipped most certainly a couple of times per thirty days, though the precise frequency will depend on how lovely the dog is.

If you may hear your dog clicking on the ground once they stroll, it is a sign that their nails are overdue to be trimmed. All dogs will even need to have their ears gently cleaned each week. This will assist to stop ear infections or catch them early if they’re growing.

Coat and Coloring

Canadian Inuit Eskimo Dogs are available in many colors—together with white, red, buff, cinnamon, gray, black, and sable. Their fur grows as much as six inches in size and is available in a range of patterns.

Activity Requirements The Canadian Inuit Eskimo Dog is a breed that is suited to the chilly and harsh climates of the Arctic. Because of this, these dogs are suited to sub-zero temperatures and are usually not very adaptable. With their thick coats, they might simply overheat in a heat climate and shouldn’t be exercised very much in the course of the summer.

These dogs had been bred to tug heavy sleds throughout the land, and due to this fact have a lot of energy. This breed is normally too massive and lively to be snug residing in an apartment, though it may be completed as long as they’re exercised sufficiently.

They are lively inside in addition to out, and will ideally stay in a house with a big fenced yard. They need to be taken on the day by day walks and need 40 minutes of train minimum per day.

Canadian Inuit Dog Nutrition

Canadian Inuit Dogs are a high-energy breed and require high-quality dog food that’s age-appropriate—whether or not commercially manufactured or self-made (with a veterinarian’s supervision and approval). Historically, they’ve loved a diet consisting of walrus, seal, caribou, and fish.

This breed is understood to work onerous with little or no nourishment. So, Canadian Inuit Eskimo Dogs normally do not overeat. Learn more about beagle food.

Still, it is vital to watch the number of meals you give your dog and cut back parts or limit energy in the event that they achieve extra weight. Also, do not forget that giving too many treats along with common meals can contribute to weight problems.


Canadian Inuit Eskimo Dogs had been bred to haul massive masses throughout long distances, usually overlaying as much as 40 miles per day. So, it ought to come as no shock that they require common bodily exercise. And a stroll across the block is not sufficient. This breed wants a lot of outdoor trains with room to romp.

And even when they get it, Canadian Inuit Dogs could search for alternatives to flee and run free. So, a tall, partially buried fence is essential to stop climbing and digging.

Distinctive Physical Traits

Canadian Inuit Eskimo Dogs have distinctive face masks and a wolf-like look. And males have longer hair around their neck and shoulders, resembling a mane.


Training ought to start when Canadian Inuit Dogs are puppies. Positive, reward-based strategies will assist set up a pack order with you, not the dog because of the chief. And that can help you control the breed’s guarding tendencies.

Canadian Inuit Eskimo Dogs will be mild and luxuriate in affection—even from strangers. But early socialization is essential to encouraging these behaviors. Even with rigorous coaching, Canadian Inuit Dogs have to be supervised around youngsters. And they shouldn’t be let off the leash in unsecured areas.

Canadian Inuit Dog Grooming

In common, weekly brushing will assist maintain your Canadian Inuit Dogs thick coat trying well. But this breed requires extra grooming in the course of the late summer to advertise the shedding of the dense undercoat. A coat rack helps with this, in addition to matted fur (which may result in pores and skin issues).

Like all dogs, Canadian Inuit Eskimo Dogs additionally require common nail trims, ear cleanings, and dental care, together with at-home enamel brushing and annual professional dental cleanings.

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