Canadian Eskimo Dog – Profile | Temperament | Size | Lifespan

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The Canadian Eskimo dog is developed like a big husky or malamute. The head is wedge-shaped with small, pricked ears. The eyes are almond-shaped and the color is darkish brown to amber.

Canadian Eskimo Dog profile

Blue eyes point out an impurity. The tail curls over the back in typical husky style. Canadian Eskimo canines typically mature at three years, though they attain their full size round a year.

The Canadian Eskimo canines’ coat is harsh and double-coated. It is available in a wide range of colors together with white, brown and white, grey, grey and white, red and white, and black and white. Canadian Eskimo canines shed or blow coat, twice a year.

Like many sled dog breeds, the Canadian Eskimo Dog has a strong construct and a thick coat. These canines have been initially bred to work pulling sleds, however, they’ve additionally been used to hunt seals and polar bears.

If you’re searching for a home pet or a lap dog, the Canadian Eskimo Dog is just not for you. If nonetheless, you’re searching for a tricky and energetic breed, this can be the right alternative.


The origins of the Canadian Eskimo Dog could be traced back more than 4,000 years to the Inuit people. This breed was developed for pulling sleds and for looking. The early Inuits by no means thought-about the Canadian Eskimo Dog a pet, and even a part of the animal kingdom – it was merely a tool for use.

During the 19th and 20th centuries, the breed’s numbers had declined severely however the dogs have been nonetheless in demand to be used in polar expeditions.

By the 1960s, the breed’s numbers had declined so severely that it was far away from each UKC and AKC registries. In 1970 Brian Ladoon began the Eskimo Dog Research Fund and try to extend the breed’s numbers.


This is the traditional sled dog of the Canadian Arctic areas, a strong dog of spitz options that possess power and stamina, and is constructed for long-distance work reasonably than velocity.

The introduction of the quicker Siberian Husky into Canada for the favored sport of sledding led to a decline within the reputation of the Canadian Eskimo Dog.

The introduction of the snowmobile within the 1960s additional threatened the inhabitants of the breed. The Canadian Kennel Club stepped in with different associations to guard the breed and guarantee its survival. Numbers are nonetheless comparatively small and few are seen as home pets.

Canadian Eskimo Dog Personality

Canadian Eskimo dogs are working dogs, extremely pack oriented, and can problem their guardians. They are pleasant to people however are aggressive to canines exterior their pack and will combat, particularly if not labored. They are high-energy dogs.

Canadian Eskimo dogs are damaging chewers and diggers. They pull on a leash owing to their working heritage.

Canadian Eskimo Dog Temperament/Behavior

The Canadian Eskimo Dog was initially bred to work, so their temperament was considered with any great significance. The Canadian Eskimo Dog was initially bred to work.

So, their temperament was considered with any great significance. Today, nonetheless, these dogs are being saved more usually as companion animals and so they have the capability to be mild and dependable with family.

Canadian Eskimo Dogs develop deep, intense bonds with their proprietor and they could be pretty vocal. This breed is effectively fitted to outside residing and so they have a higher prey drive than many comparable breeds so they need to be supervised around cats and different family pets.


The Canadian Eskimo Dog has a thick, medium-length double coat. The undercoat is dense and comfortable whereas the outer coat is long and harsh to guard the dog against chilly and harsh climate.

The size of the outer coat varies between three and 6 inches and, significantly in males, it could kind a long mane over the shoulders and across the neck. This breed tends to molt as soon as a year in early fall, although brushing is beneficial all through the year to control shedding.

Living With

Canadian Eskimo dogs require human interplay and the power to work. They don’t do effectively with dogs outside their pack. Other pets, similar to cats, rodents, birds, and reptiles, ought to be evaded because the dogs see them as prey.

Canadian Eskimo dogs are vocal and howl. They can do effectively in a kennel setting supplied there are different Canadian Eskimo dogs round to offer companionship. These dogs will combat amongst themselves for dominance, and ought to be saved separated from one another to reduce fighting and accidents.

Feed your Canadian Eskimo dog high-protein dog meals. If working or in any other case energetic, contemplate supplementing with meat, bonemeal, and fats. Canadian Eskimo dogs have problems digesting sure grains apart from corn and rice.

Canadian Eskimo dogs are perfect for guardians who need a big, clever, energetic dog for sledding and backpacking activities. They make poor watchdogs and poor guard canines.

Canadian Eskimo dogs sometimes stay from 10 to 15 years.


These dogs are clever and trainable. Unlike many spitz-type breeds, additionally, they are typically pretty submissive – they crave the presence of an authority determine. For this cause, it is suggested that you simply begin coaching early and maintain a firm and constant hand in coaching all through the dog’s life.


The Canadian Eskimo Dog is a pretty big breed, although the size varies significantly between the sexes. Male Canadian Eskimo Dogs measure as much as 37 inches high and weigh between 65 and 105 lbs. at maturity, whereas females measure as much as 24 inches high and weigh between 60 and 95 lbs.

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The Canadian Eskimo Dog was bred by the Thule people and has existed within the Arctic area for a minimum of 4,000 years. The Canadian Eskimo Dog was bred by the Thule people and has existed within the Arctic area for a minimum of 4,000 years.

Some imagine the breed is said to (and even the identical breed as) the Greenland Dog. This breed is thought of by a number of different names together with Inuit Husky, Qimmiq, and Gronlandshund.

Canadian Eskimo Dog Food/Diet

Given that the Canadian Eskimo Dog is a pretty big and naturally energetic breed, it’s best to contemplate offering him a dog food formulated for energetic dogs, significantly one with high protein content.

You also need to ensure that the meals are formulated to fulfill the wants of large-breed dogs. If your dog doesn’t obtain day by day train, be very cautious to not overfeed him or he might turn out to be overweight.

These dogs are being saved more usually as companion animals and so they have the capability to be mild and dependable with family.

Common Health Problems

The Canadian Eskimo Dog is usually a wholesome breed not troubled by the results of inbreeding attributable to a big basis inventory. Like all breeds, nonetheless, the breed is susceptible to a number of minor health points together with hip dysplasia, gastric torsion, entropion, cataracts, warmth intolerance, and arthritis.

Life Expectancy

The common lifespan of the Canadian Eskimo Dog is usually between 10 and 15 years. A wholesome diet and common train may help protect the longevity of this breed.

Canadian Eskimo Dog Exercise

The Canadian Eskimo Dog has high wants for the day by day train as a result of they’re a working breed. An easy day by day stroll won’t be ample for these dogs – they need to run or be given a job to carry out.

Training the breed for varied dog sports activities similar to agility, carting, mushing, or skijoring is beneficial to offer them an ample outlet for his or her energy.

Canadian Eskimo Dogs are typically pretty submissive – they crave the presence of authority determine.

Canadian Eskimo Dog Puppies

Historically, the Inuit people would practice Canadian Eskimo Dogs for the harness as quickly as they have been old sufficient to stroll – the pet’s try to interrupt free from the harness would educate him the behavior of pulling a sled. By the age of eight weeks, puppies could be paired with grownup dogs and educated within the artwork of sled pulling.


Whether you’re considering shopping for a pet or breeding out of your dog, it’s important that what health points could also be present in your breed. To sort out these points we advise that breeders use DNA checks, screening schemes, and inbreeding coefficient calculators to assist breed the healthiest dogs possible.

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