Bernese Mountain Dog – Profile | Traits | Health | Care

bernese mountain dog

The Bernese Mountain Dog is a versatile working dog from Switzerland’s farmland. They have become livestock cattlemen, pull cars, and watchmen, and loyal companions. They are one of four types of Swiss Mountain dogs and the only one with long hair.

Bernese Mountain Dog facts

Big, strong, and built for hard work, the Bernese Mountain dog is very beautiful and blessed with a sweet, affectionate nature. Known for its huge frame, athletic ability, and intelligence, the Barnes Mountain Dog is an incredible pet and the perfect canine for any family.

The Bernese Mountain dogs have a certain look about them – they have attractive beautiful and sweet eyes. The Bernese Mountain dog has a very old teddy bear presence and they are in different directions! Originally bred as a working dog

Barnes Mountain Dog (German: Bernard Sennenhund) is a large breed of dog, one of four breed dogs of the Sennenhund type from the Swiss Alps. Born from the cross of the Mastiffs and Guard-breed, Bernese Mountain dog brought the dogs to Switzerland 2,2 years ago.

The name Senenhund originated from the German sen (“alpine pasture”) and hund (hound/dog), as they were with the alpine herds and dairymen known as sen. Berner (or Bernese in English) refers to the region of origin of the breed in the canton of Bern.

This mountain dog was originally kept as an ordinary farm dog. In the past, big senenhunds were also used as draft animals, pulling cars. The breed was officially established in ।7. The American Canal Club recognized it in 733737; Today, the club classifies it as a member of the Working Group.

Bernese Mountain Dog varieties

There are four varieties of Sennenhund with the original breed name, followed by the most popular English version of the breed name:

  • Grocer Schweizer Seinenhund, Greater Swiss Mountain Dog
  • Bernard Sennenhund, Barnes Mountain dog
  • Sennhund of Appenzella, Mountain Dog of Appenzella
  • Entlebucher Senenhund, Antelbucher Mountain dog


Like other Sennenhunds, the Bernese mountain dog is a large, heavy dog ​​with a distinctive tri-colored coat, black on the white chest and rust markings on the eyes face on the front, legs on the front, and a small amount around the white chest. However, it is the only breed of Senenhund dogs with long coats.

The perfect mark of a perfectly marked person is the impression of a white horse’s curse around the nose, which is always black, a white “Swiss cross” on the chest when viewed from the front.

A “Swiss kiss” is a white mark that is usually on the back of the neck but maybe a part of the neck. A full ring type will not meet the value. Its varieties are a standard list, ineligibility, blue eye color, and any other ground color except black.

Height and weight limit

25–27.5 for men, while it is 2–2– for women (58–66 cm). For men, the weight is 8-12 pounds (5-7 kg), but for women, it is 1-5 pounds (35-45 kg).

Physical properties

Supposed to be a dry-faced breed, the Bernese Mountain dog is taller, somewhat taller than the upper muscular, on a wide, wide back. The head of a Bernese mountain dog is flat at the top with a medium stop and the ears are medium-sized, triangular, set high, and rounded at the top.

Scissors have been cut in the teeth. Bernese’s legs are straight and tight, with round, arched fingers. Barnes’ docks are often removed. Its shrub tail is less carried.


The Bernese Mountain dog breed map states that dogs should not be “aggressive, anxious or clearly shy” but should be “good-natured”, “self-assured”, “abrupt” to strangers, and “policy”. In fact, he only attacks (attacking his owners) when necessary.

The nature of the individual dog may be different and not all examples of the breed have been carefully produced to follow the criteria. Puppies of all large breeds and if they are given regular training and activities throughout their lifetime, should be well socialized.

Barnes is an outdoor dog, though well-behaved in the home; They need activities and practice, but patience doesn’t need much. When shipped they can move with amazing speed for their size.

If they are comfortable (no problem with their hips, elbows, or other joints), they enjoy hiking, and usually having enough exercise for their people can lead to trips and harassment in Barneys.

Bernese Mountain Dogs are a breed that usually does well with kids, as they are very affectionate. They are endurance dogs that do good to kids by climbing on them. Although they have great energy, a Bernese will be happy on a quiet evening as well.

Barnes works well with other pets and strangers in the neighborhood. They are excellent guardians. They tend to bond with one owner or family and are somewhat distant and standoffish to strangers.

Bernese Mountain Dog


The Bernese Mountain Dog Puppy

Treatment problems

Cancer is one of the leading causes of dog death in general, but Bernese Mountain Dogs have a much higher mortality rate than other breeds; In both US / Canada and UK surveys, nearly half of Barnes Mountain dogs die because of dogs, compared to about 27% of all dogs.

Bernese Mountain dogs die of a variety of cancers, including malignant histiocytosis, mast cell tumors, lymphosarcoma, fibrosarcoma, and osteosarcoma. Medical problems inherited by the Bernese Mountain dog include malignant histiocytosis, hypomelogenogenesis, progressive retinal atrophy, and possibly cataracts and hypoadrenocorticism.

Heredity is also prone to histiocytic sarcoma, a cancer of the muscle tissue that is very aggressive and hereditary eye disease that is prevalent in older dogs. A four-year-old Bernese with lymphoma named Dylan was one of the first dogs to receive chemotherapy in veterinary medicine at Virginia-Maryland Regional College and was successful.

Burnies Mountain Dogs have unusually high mortality due to muscular causes. In a UK study,% of Bernese Mountain dogs have been reported to cause arthritis, hip dysplasia, and a burst of the cruciate ligament; For comparison, the mortality rate due to muscular illness is generally less than 2% for purebred dogs.

Barnes Mountain dog owners are almost three times more likely to tell other breed owners that their dog has muscular problems; Crucial ligaments are most commonly known as rheumatoid arthritis, arthritis (especially in the shoulders and elbow), hip dysplasia, and osteochondritis.

Age is also unusually low for muscular problems. In a US / Canada study, 11% of living dogs had arthritis at an average age of 4.3 years.

Many other common, non-muscular illness issues hit the burners at a similar rate to other varieties. Potential Bernese Mountain dog owners should be prepared to fight a large dog that may have mobility problems at an early age.

Options to assist mobility-retarded dogs may include ramps, lifts and slings, and dog wheelchairs for access to cars or homes. Comfortable bedding can help relieve joint pain. Because of this common medical problem, Barnes Mountain dog owners should confirm their dogs have OFA and CERF certifications


Compared with other breeds of similar size and pure breeders in general, barneys are a breed of short-lived dogs. The average life expectancy of a Bernese Mountain dog is about 7 to 8 years.

Most other varieties of the same size have a medium length of 10-10 years. According to a UK survey of 25, the highest survival rate for 394 killed Barnes Mountain dogs was 15.2 years.



The quiet mood of Bernese makes it natural for them to pull a small car or wagon, a task originally performed in Switzerland. With proper training, they enjoy taking children to a car or participating in a parade such as the Condé, New Hampshire Holiday Parade. Regional barneys clubs often offer carting workshops for the C race.

On July 1, 2010, the Bernese Mountain Dog became eligible to participate in the AKB Harding events. Harding engagement and training ability are measured in non-competitive Harding exams. Burners demonstrating a basic observance can be trained to take the Harding test.


The Bernese Mountain dogs are spread year-round and are the heaviest sheds during the season. Generally, barneys need to be brushed more often once a week in spring and autumn, to keep their cover clean and to reduce the amount of floor and furniture fur.

Depending on how high your activity level is and how much time you spend in the dirt, Bernese will need a bath about once every few months or so.

Special attention should be paid to the ears of the Bernese Mountain dogs, as they can trap bacteria, dirt, and liquids. Using a veterinarian-recommended cleanser reduces the risk of ear infections with weekly ear cleansing.


The Barnes breed has enough appetite as a fully adult puppy. Each owner should recognize that their person eats separately. When the meal is left in a bowl, it can mean that when they reach a certain age, they no longer need a full 3 meals a day.

If the dog is eating it within a minute, do not overdo it unless it is absolutely necessary. Depending on the activity of the dog, 3 cups of food a day is common. These varieties usually eat the most before they begin to gain weight.

Feeding chart

  • 0-8 weeks: 4 meals per day
  • 2 months -1 year: 3 meals a day
  • 1 year-: 2-2 meals per day

Because they are only 3-7 years old, Bernese should not be fed with too much corn. A lot of brands nowadays have this element because companies want customers to make more money.

Bernese Mountain Dog Rescue

  • Nico, 25, an adopted mountain dog became a hero when he rescued two men who drowned in the sea by a stealing stream in California.
  • Bella owner Chris Laroc was dragged out of his home and rescued. The owner reduced mobility from the injuries he suffered and said he would have died without Bella’s help.
  • Oakley, 25, saved his family and sat at his master’s head until he woke up when their Vermont ski condo caught fire overnight.
  • Bernese Mountain Dog / Border Collie blend Ben saved his family from the fire that started after falling asleep. He warned the kid who was able to take the two kids and Ben to safety.

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