Blue Catahoula Leopard Dog – Traits | Care | Behavior

Blue Catahoula Leopard Dog

The name “Catahoula” really comes from the Indian phrase which means, ‘clear water.’ There are a few hypotheses that the blue Catahoula Leopard dog is a descendant of the greyhounds and mastiffs that had been introduced into Louisiana by Hernando de Soto within the sixteenth century.

These authentic dogs had been also called warfare dogs and are thought to have interbred with the native red wolves.

In the next century, the French started to reach Louisiana as properly, bringing the Beauceron dog breed, which then blended with the interbred dogs that had been now within the space, producing the breed as it’s seen at the moment.

Governor Edwin Edwards made the blue Catahoula Leopard dog the official state dog of Louisiana in 1979.


Opinions fluctuate on the precise history of the blue Catahoula Leopard Dog’s improvement. One working principle is domesticated dogs stored by Native Americans interbred with breeds dropped at North America by Spanish explorers.

Some possible breeds within the combine embody bloodhounds, greyhounds, and mastiffs. Later, the ensuing dogs bred with the hounds that accompanied French immigrants arriving within the South.

The Beauceron, a French herding breed, can also be purported to be a part of the blue Catahoula Leopard Dog’s ancestry.

Early blue Catahoula Leopard Dogs had been valued as distinctive looking dogs, about to scent, path, and tree small and massive wild game, together with bobcats, deer, wild hogs, and bears. They had been additionally used to herd, pen, and catch wild cattle and hogs, making them prized working dogs.

Blue Catahoula Leopard Dog Temperament

Often referred to as essentially the most versatile of all working dog breeds, the blue Catahoula Leopard dog is actually a lively canine. From the ability to herd cattle and hunt many species of the game –

deer, bear, boar, raccoon, and squirrel – to being a wonderful candidate for Search and Rescue in addition to drug detection, for sure, the blue Catahoula Leopard dog is a protecting breed that’s intelligent and adaptable to just about every state of affairs.

Also generally known as a blue Catahoula Leopard Dog, this dog breed likes to be as lively as possible and requires a good quantity of psychological stimulation to maintain occupied.

Often rising to 20 to 26 inches long and 45 to 95 pounds, this reasonable breed stays in form by being put to work within the fields or in varied legislation enforcement conditions.

The Louisiana Catahoula might be of various completely different colors, so it may be tough to establish them simply from their coats.

Ranging in color from red, blue, yellow, and even tan or white colors, this breed’s brief coat is straightforward to take care of and suited completely for his or her lively way of life.

As with most good dog breeds, the Louisiana Catahoula Leopard must have a good quantity of stimulation so as to keep energized and completely satisfied. These dogs are extremely intelligent and fast to evaluate conditions, making them excellent helpers in legislation enforcement.

But at a similar time, this energy they’ve also can match completely with younger youngsters. The Catahoula is light and loving with youthful youngsters, so in contrast to different sporting dogs, this breed is usually a good addition to a house setting.

Because of their high intelligence, the Catahoula Leopard is usually making an attempt to be taught new issues and will probably be interested in their surroundings.

This creates a kind of impartial method about them, and they’re going to go off to wander and discover alone if they’re compelled to take action.

This dog breed is usually inspired in properties that have a variety of room for the dog to roam, however in city or suburbs, they may really feel too caged in.

Spending a variety of time with this dog is crucial for its health and happiness. This is a dog that craves interplay with others and needs to be part of the family that it belongs to.

If you do not need time to work together with one of these dog breeds, it might not be a great match in your house. What might not work for each family is the Catahoula Leopard’s tendency to be very overprotective of their family and of their territory.

This may cause issues in some conditions. Though the preliminary protectiveness might not be seen within the first few years of a Catahoula’s life, it is at the age of two that this breed begins to really feel it has a duty to guard its homeowners.

What’s attention-grabbing too is that the Catahoula can grow to be mild-mannered and timid around strangers, not from intimidation, however from hesitation. These dogs are illiberal of strangers and that is what makes them appear fearful within the presence of somebody they do not know.

The Catahoula also can grow to be fierce when they’re around different dogs, particularly when the dogs are the identical sex as they’re. This could also be one thing to contemplate when deciding to carry a Catahoula into your house when different dogs are already a part of the family.

With all of those personality options in thoughts, some more mild-mannered dog homeowners might not be a great match for the Catahoula Leopard.

The owner must be somebody that is able to reveal leadership for the dog, as this breed desires to be lead and educated by an authority.

When making an attempt to control your Catahoula Leopard, it would be best to be certain that they attend obedience lessons in addition to have a spot the place they are often locked up if you’re not round to observe their actions.

Blue Catahoula Leopard Dog Care

The blue Catahoula Leopard Dog’s brief to medium-length coat is wash and put on. Most Catahoulas need solely occasional brushing, weekly manicures, and baths when soiled.

Frequently raise the ear flaps to verify for redness and ear wax. Clean the ears with a pet-safe ear cleaner if they give the impression of being soiled and seek the advice of a veterinarian if they give the impression of being infected or have a foul odor.

Many blue Catahoula Leopard Dogs might be protecting and territorial. Early, intensive socialization and coaching are extraordinarily necessary with this breed.

Many breed specialists consider the blue Catahoula Leopard Dog just isn’t for everybody, notably novice dog homeowners or pet-only properties with no applicable shops for the breed’s plentiful energy and dealing instincts.

Catahoula Leopard Dogs need each train and psychological stimulation to be completely satisfied and well-behaved at the house. The breed might grow to be damaging when left to their very own gadgets.

The clever Catahoula owner will mix each day vigorous train within the type of operating, mountain climbing, swimming or fetch, with regular coaching for activities like looking, herding, monitoring, agility, or obedience.

Blue Catahoula Leopard Dog

Blue Catahoula Leopard Dog Grooming

With a brief and easy coat of fur, the blue Catahoula Leopard dog is straightforward to groom. They require bathing just a few occasions a year (more in the event that they’ve gotten into one thing messy), however, their coats don’t require fixed brushing.

Using a curry comb, bristle brush, or horsehair mitt, you merely brush the dog exterior a few times every week relying on how a lot the dog sheds. This will give the dog a shiny coat and in addition hold hair from piling up around the home.

In addition to brushing your Catahoula’s coat, you also need to trim their nails as soon as every week to stop overgrowth. This may be very straightforward to do and you’ll need a pair of animal nail clippers that may be present in most pet shops. Only trim the top portion of the nail.

Cleaning your dog’s ears might also be necessary particularly in the event that they undergo allergy symptoms, bacterial infection, or they have got a wound or different kind of harm.

Clean ears with child oil and a cotton ball. Do not go too far into the ear as you could possibly injury the ear canal. Instead, gently wipe across the outer ear.

If you discover your dog is scratching its ears typically or shaking its head too typically, you need to take the dog to the vet as they could have an infection. With correct grooming, you’ll at all times have a cheerful, properly adjusted dog that appears stunning always.


Most purebred dogs are inclined to creating sure hereditary situations. Although the blue Catahoula Leopard Dog is mostly wholesome, the breed is predisposed to a couple of health issues, particularly deafness and hip dysplasia.

Reputable Catahoula breeders have their breeding dogs’ hips evaluated by the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) and acquire brainstem auditory evoked response (BAER) testing for deafness.

When shopping for a Catahoula pet from a breeder, you’ll want to ask for documentation that these exams had been carried out on the parents.

Diet and Nutrition

Feed your blue Catahoula Leopard Dog scheduled meals utilizing a measuring cup or scale to weigh the meals.

Free feeding (leaving meals out all day) may cause weight to acquire, which might exacerbate hip dysplasia, to which the blue Catahoula Leopard Dog is susceptible, and in addition, contribute to different health situations like diabetes.

If you’re unsure of the very best kind of meals to feed your blue Catahoula Leopard Dog, or how a lot you have to be feeding, ask your breeder or veterinarian for his or her recommendation.


The high exercise level of the Catahoula Leopard lends itself properly to the farm or nation setting, however might not work as properly within the suburbs or a city dwelling.

The workaholic personality of this dog breed must be continuously glad, or the dog might grow to be unnecessarily aggressive. If in any respect possible, the Catahoula Leopard must be working throughout the day as a herder or in another capability.

They take pleasure in being open air and taking part in, moderately than sitting around. This specific dog breed needs to be allowed to run for a full hour each day, a minimum of to assist keep their health in addition to placate their energetic demeanor.

The Catahoula Leopard is perhaps a wonderful companion on a jog or a hike, as they’ll sustain the tempo fairly simply.

Though they’re noisy and playful when they’re lively, Catahoula Leopards that do not get sufficient exercise can start to chew, bark, or dig excessively so as to cope with extra energy.


It’s finest to take this specific dog breed to an obedience school when they’re younger to start to coach them within the correct methods of appearing around different dogs in addition to their family.

Quick to be taught, nonetheless, they’re typically the star pupils of their coaching lessons on account of their intelligence. In many circumstances, the Catahoula Leopard is a fast learner and infrequently doesn’t require any further coaching exterior of their owner.

However, if the owner just isn’t sturdy-willed and capable of stand as much as this sturdy dog, the coaching might grow to be problematic.

It takes a forceful dog owner to deal with the energy and the intelligence of this dog, so if the owner just isn’t assured of their talents, it is going to assist in the event that they prepare themselves to train before bringing this dog house.

The Catahoula Leopard must have somebody as assertive as they’re so as to hold them underneath control. When an owner falters of their assertiveness, it may well trigger the dog to exhibit out-of-control behaviors that may grow to be dangerous to others.

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